The Verb "Would" - 139

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The Verb Would. 


The Auxiliary Verb Would is used in the following main ways.

Would - Short Form = 'd.

1. Would is often used as a polite form of Will, especially in the expression Would you mind followed by a present participle.

Would you come in here a moment?
Would you go with me?

Would you shut the window, please?
Would someone please tell me what is going on?

Would you mind posting this letter for me?

# "You use would, usually in questions with 'like', when you are making a polite offer or invitation."

Would you like a coffee?
Would you like a coffee or tea? = Would you like a coffee or a tea?
[Would you like a cup of tea or coffee? = Would you like a cup of tea or a cup of coffee?]

{"A cup of tea can be referred to as a tea."}

2. Would sometimes denotes determination, or insistence. In these cases would is accented.

He would tease the dog, although we warned him not to, and he got bitten.

3. Would also denotes “being in the habit of”.

Whenever I called, they would say he was not at home.

# "Would is used in auxiliary function to express repeated, custom or habitual action, event or behaviour in past: used to. PAST HABITS: used to say that something happened often or regularly in the past."

She would sit for hours at the window.
We would meet often for lunch.

4. "Used for talking about the result of an event that you imagine:

She'd look better with shorter hair. 
If you went to see him, he would be delighted. 
Hurry up! It would be a shame to miss the beginning of the play." 

# Would is “used when talking about a possible situation that you imagine or want to happen”.

“What would you do if you won a million pounds?”

I wish they'd come and visit us. (they'd = ... they would ...)

5. Would is “used when talking about something that did not happen, or a situation that cannot exist”.

would have phoned you, but there wasn't time.

Everything would be very different if your father were still alive.

Note: "I would think / I would imagine / I would say: Spoken - Used to give your opinion about something when you are not very sure about it:

I would think you'd be happier in a different school.

'Will it cost a lot?' 'I would imagine so.'"

Exercise.

Insert Would or Should in the following: —

1. He said he — be back in ten minutes.

2. He — have been here by now.

3. I was sure I — meet you here.

4. If I were you I — not say anything about it to anyone.

5. It — be wrong of you to do so.

6. If I were to tell you what I heard, you — be shocked.

7. I was afraid lest you — lose your way in the wood.

8. — you mind lending me your knife?

9. You — be kind to the poor.

10. He said he — do whatever I wished.

11. I — like to show you my picture postcards.

12. Your father — be very angry if you played truant.

13. You — not eat too many sweets.

14. Why — n’t I go there?

[n’t = not (the short form of 'not')]

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