Irregular Comparison - 36

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Irregular Comparison.

 
The following adjectives are compared irregularly.
 

Positive.

Comparative.

Superlative.

Good

Better

Best

Bad (or ill)

Worse

Worst

Late

Later

Latest or Last

Old

Older or Elder

Oldest

Many

More

Most

Much

More

Most

Little

Less (or lesser)

Least

(Nigh) Near

Nearer

Nearest or Next

Up

Upper

Uppermost

Out

Outer or Utter

Outermost or Uttermost

Far

Farther

Farthest

Fore (or forth)

Further

Furthest

Fore

Former

Foremost (or first)

Hind

Hinder

Hindmost / Hindermost

In

Inner

Innermost


Note: Ill means in bad health.
 
Elder and eldest refer to members of family or group. (My elder brother; The eldest of the lot.)
 
Many (only with countable nouns) denotes number.
 
Much (only with uncountable nouns) denotes quality.
 
Lesser is only used in the expression the lesser of the two evils.
 
Utter generally caries a superlative meaning. [He is an utter strange to me.]
 
Farther denotes distance.
 
Further denotes addition.
 
Up, out and in generally adverbs or prepositions, but we say The up train, the outfield, the inpatient …
 
Double comparative and superlatives are not to be used.
 
Shakespeare, for emphasis, wrote: The most unkindest cut of all.
 
None but a child would say more less or most least.
 
Comparatives are followed by than.
 
He is six months older than I.
Our parents are much more experienced than we children.
 
(Note – It is better not to say than me or than us, although than in common speech is generally taken as a preposition to be followed by the objective case. So we do hear such expressions as: He is older than me.)
 
There are a few Latin comparatives used in English which take to instead of than. The chief ones are:  Inferior, superior, junior, senior, anterior, ulterior, and prior.
 
Those pencils are much inferior to these.
This quality of rice is superior to foreign rice.
Nethuli is senior to Samadhi in the school.
Pavani is junior to me by years.
Anterior to 1871 Japan was in the feudal stage.
 
The word preferable also takes to instead of than.
 
Vegetables and fruits preferable to meat as diet.
 
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