Regular Comparison - 35

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Regular Comparison.


Derivation of Adjectives.
 
Adjectives of only one syllable, and some of the two syllables, form the comparative by adding -er, and the Superlative by adding -est.
 

Positive. 

Comparative. 

Superlative. 

Young

younger

youngest

Cold

colder

coldest

Bright

brighter

brightest

Tall

taller

tallest.

  
If the Positive ends in one consonant preceded by a short vowel, that consonant is doubled before -er and -est are added.
 

Positive.

Comparative.

Superlative.

Flat

flatter

flattest

Glad

gladder

gladdest

Dim

dimmer

dimmest

 
If the Positive end in e, only r and st are added.
 

Positive.

Comparative.

Superlative.

Large

larger

largest

Nice

nicer

nicest

True

truer

truest.

 
If the Positive ends in y preceded by a consonant, the y is changed into i before -er and -est are added.
 

Positive.

Comparative.

Superlative.

Jolly

jollier

jolliest

Dry

drier

driest

Juicy

juicier

juiciest


Gay gayer gayest; Grey greyer greyest…
 
If the positive ends in y preceded by a vowel, the y is not changed into i.
 
Some adjectives of two syllables, and all of more than two, form their comparative and superlative without changing the word, but by adding more and most.
Thus, we say for The Positive: Difficult, beautiful and beautiful;
The Comparative: more difficult, more beautiful, more satisfactory …
And, for the Superlative: most difficult, most beautiful, most satisfactory …
 
Note the following sentences.
 
• Positive - Samadhi is a beautiful girl.
• Comparative - Pawani is more beautiful than Samadhi.
• Superlative - Guwani is the most beautiful girl in the class.
 
Gold is a precious metal.
Gold is more precious than any other metal.
Gold is the most precious of all the metals.
 
Now also note here, after the comparative, it is used an extra term THAN to compare two beings/things.}

N.B. Whenever you compare two (beings/thing/situations/ …) that thought of or imagined or known and so on, then you can negate the conjunction ‘than’...

He is better now.
I will make it faster.
This looks speedier. …

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